The Dukan diet, developed by the French doctor Pierre Dukan, is a plan based on hyperproteic regime. This means that the individual will consume a high percentage of protein and will minimize the other nutrients.
The Dukan diet consists of four stages which are as follows;
Phase 1: Pure Proteins
Foods such as meat, seafood, poultry, eggs or dairy fat are consumed. In total, there are 72 allowed foods. Except egg, these foods contain other nutrients such as carbohydrates and lipids. The idea of this first phase is to reduce the maximum. Depending on how much weight you want to lose, this phase can last between one and ten days.
Phase 2: Cruise
For a certain period, more vegetable proteins are combined in days where eaten pure proteins and other proteins in which more vegetables are consumed. There are no restrictions as to the amount allowed whenever foods’ sum reaches 100 at this stage with 72% vegetable proteins consumed. This weight destroyer phase continues until the desired weight is achieved.
Phase 3: Consolidation
In this phase, the dieter is reintroduced all food groups, but it must be slow and imitated. The doctor warns that, after a quick weight loss, you may recover quickly. Returning to diet of all the nutrients, the body will try to store reserves, reduce energy expenditure and assimilate any food consumed. Therefore, it is recommended to prolong this stage for ten days per kilo lost. For example, if one kilo is lost in five days, it will remain continued for 50 days.
Phase 4: Stabilization
In order never regain weight, Dr. Dukan recommends monitoring the diet at least once a week. On that day, like the initial plan of attack, you have to consume pure proteins and it is advised to perform for lifetime.
Why Do You Get Thin with Dukan Diet?
When you stop consuming carbohydrates or ingest it in small amounts, the lipid reserves are consumed which quickly mobilizes fat for use as energy source and you get thin. The problem is that this creates many ketones in the blood, the body is acidified and something also very toxic. When energy reserves drop too as protein intake is very high, protein degradation is encouraged and levels of ammonia rise. In conclusion, Dukan diet can help you lose weight very fast, but an elevation of ketone bodies and ammonia in the blood which is highly toxic occurs.
In addition, high-protein foods reduce appetite and are not easily digested. If consumed in abundance and simultaneously, there is no significant contribution of carbohydrates in the diet, as the increase in ketone body fat degradation occurs. These substances are responsible for satiety and allow us to remain full for more hours without feeling hungry.
On the other hand, as per the theory of Pierre Dukan, a composite protein diet can also prevent fluid retention because vegetables, fruits, legumes and salt favor minerals. It is recommended to drink plenty of fluids while performing this diet because the body can only take the half of proteins that we provide and the rest is excreted as waste through urine. To avoid an increase in uric acid and kidney overload and effectively eliminate toxins, Dr. Dukan exhorts the dieters to drink at least 1.5 liters of water a day.